Anti Bullying Policy
Updated: October 2019
Review Date: October 2021 (Every two Years)
Status of policy: Statutory
Consultation This policy has been developed following consultation with faculty and pastoral staff, the Senior Leadership Team, and students and is compliant with DfE guidelines.
This policy is based on DfE guidance “Preventing and Tackling Bullying” July 2017 and supporting documents. It also takes into account the DfE statutory guidance “Keeping Children Safe in Education” 2019.
Links with other school policies and practices
This policy links with a number of other school policies, practices and action plans including:
- Behaviour policy
- Student Code of Conduct 4Bes
- Staff Code of Conduct
- Complaints policy
- Child protection/Safeguarding policy
- Online safety Policy
Links to legislation
There are a number of pieces of legislation which set out measures and actions for schools in response to bullying, as well as criminal and civil law. These may include (but are not limited to):
- The Education and Inspection Act 2006, 2011
- The Equality Act 2010
- The Children Act 1989
- The Education (Independent School Standards) Regulations 2014
- Protection from Harassment Act 1997
- The Malicious Communications Act 1988
- Public Order Act 1986
This policy outlines what Langdon Park School will do to prevent and tackle all forms of bullying.
- The policy has been adopted with the involvement of the whole school community.
- Langdon Park School is committed to developing an anti-bullying culture where the bullying of young people and staff is not tolerated in any form.
It is the responsibility of:
- The head teacher to ensure this policy is communicated to the school community and to ensure that disciplinary measures are applied fairly, consistently and reasonably.
- All staff, including governors, senior leadership, teaching and non-teaching staff, to support, uphold and implement this policy accordingly.
- School Governors to take a lead role in monitoring and reviewing this policy.
- Parents/carers to support their children and work in partnership with the school.
- Pupils to understand the implications of bullying and abide by the policy.
What is bullying?
- Bullying is “behaviour by an individual or a group, repeated over time that intentionally hurts another individual either physically or emotionally”. (DfE “Preventing and Tackling Bullying”, July 2017)
- Children can abuse other children. This is generally referred to as peer on peer abuse and can take many forms. This can include( but is not limited to) bullying (including cyberbullying ),sexual violence and sexual harassment, physical abuse such as hitting, kicking ,shaking ,biting, hair pulling ,or otherwise causing physical harm; sexting and initiating/hazing type violence and rituals. ( Keeping Children Safe In Education September 2019 )
- Bullying can also include: name calling; taunting; mocking; making offensive comments; taking belongings; producing offensive graffiti; gossiping; excluding people from groups and spreading hurtful and untruthful rumours.
- Cyber bullying can include sending offensive, upsetting and inappropriate messages by phone, text, instant messenger, through gaming, websites, social media sites and apps, and sending offensive or degrading photos or videos (Youth Produced Sexual Imagery/Sexting).
- Bullying can be emotionally abusive; it can cause severe and adverse effects on children’s emotional development.
Forms of bullying covered by this policy
Bullying can happen to anyone. This policy covers all types of bullying including:
- Bullying related to race, religion, nationality or culture
- Bullying related to SEND (Special Educational Needs or Disability)
- Bullying related to appearance or physical/mental health conditions
- Bullying related to sexual orientation (homophobic bullying)
- Bullying of young carers, children in care or otherwise related to home circumstances
- Sexist, sexual and transphobic bullying
- Bullying via technology, known as online or cyberbullying
Langdon Park School recognises that bullying, especially if left unaddressed can have a devastating effect on individuals; it can create a barrier to learning and have serious consequences for mental wellbeing. By effectively preventing and tackling bullying, our school can help to create safe, disciplined environment, where pupils are able to learn and fulfil their potential.
Our School Community:
- Monitors and reviews our anti-bullying policy and practice on a regular basis (every two years)
- Supports staff to promote positive relationships, to help prevent bullying.
- Recognises that some members of our community may be more vulnerable to bullying and its impact than others; being aware of this will help us to develop effective strategies to prevent bullying from happening and provide appropriate support, if required.
- Will intervene by identifying and tackling bullying behaviour appropriately and promptly.
- Ensures our pupils are aware that bullying concerns will be dealt with sensitively and effectively; that everyone should feel safe to learn and abide by the anti-bullying policy.
- Requires all members of the community to work with the school to uphold the anti-bullying policy.
- Reports back to parents/carers regarding concerns on bullying, dealing promptly with complaints.
- Seeks to learn from good anti-bullying practice elsewhere.
Responding to bullying
The following steps may be taken when dealing with all incidents of bullying reported to the school:
- If bullying is suspected or reported, the incident will be dealt with immediately by the member of staff who has been approached or witnessed the concern.
- The school will provide appropriate support for the person being bullied – making sure they are not at risk of immediate harm and will involve them in any decision-making, as appropriate.
- All parties involved will be interviewed.
- The designated safeguarding lead will be informed of all bullying issues where there are safeguarding concerns using the online ‘safeguard’ reporting system.
- The school will inform other staff members, and parents/ carers, where appropriate.
- Sanctions (as identified within the school behaviour policy) and support for individuals will be implemented, in consultation with all parties concerned.
- If necessary, other agencies may be consulted or involved, such as: the police (if a criminal offence has been committed) or other local services including early help or children’s social care (if a child is felt to be at risk of significant harm).
- Where the bullying takes place off school site or outside of normal school hours (including cyberbullying), the school will ensure that the concern is fully investigated. Appropriate action will be taken, including providing support and implementing sanctions in school in accordance with the school’s behaviour policy.
- A clear and precise account of the incident will be recorded by the school in accordance with existing procedures. This will include recording appropriate details regarding decisions and action taken.
- Support will be offered to the perpetrator also in order for them to change their behaviour as well as appropriate sanctions being put into place.
When responding to cyberbullying concerns, the school will:
- Act as soon as an incident has been reported or identified.
- Provide appropriate support for the person who has been cyberbullied and work with the person who has carried out the bullying to ensure the reasons why it should not happen again.
- Encourage the person being bullied to keep any evidence (screenshots) of the bullying activity to assist any investigation.
- Take all available steps where possible to identify the person responsible.
This may include:
- looking at the use of the school management systems;
- identifying and interviewing possible witnesses;
- Contacting any service providers and the police, if necessary.
- Work with the individuals and online service providers to prevent the incident from spreading and assist in removing offensive or upsetting material from circulation.
- Support reports to a service provider to remove content if those involved are unable to be identified or if those involved refuse to or are unable to delete content.
- Confiscating and searching pupils’ electronic devices, such as mobile phones, in accordance with the law and also the school behaviour and discipline policy. (Note: Langdon Park will ensure they access the DfE ‘Searching, screening and confiscation at school’ and Childnet Cyberbullying guidance to ensure that the schools powers are used proportionately and lawfully)
- Requesting the deletion of locally-held content and content posted online if they contravene school behavioural policies.
- Ensure that sanctions are applied to the person responsible for the cyberbullying; the school will take steps to change the attitude and behaviour of the bully, as well as ensuring access to any additional help that they may need.
- Inform the police if a criminal offence has been committed.
- Provide information to staff and pupils regarding steps they can take to protect themselves online.
This may include:
- advising those targeted not to retaliate or reply;
- providing advice on blocking or removing people from contact lists;
- helping those involved to think carefully about what private information they may have in the public domain
Sexual violence or sexual harassment
The initial response to a report from a child is important. It is essential that all victims are reassured that they are being taken seriously and that they will be supported and kept safe. A victim should never be given the impression that they are creating a problem by reporting sexual violence or sexual harassment. Nor should a victim ever be made to feel ashamed for making a report. All reports of sexual violence or harassment should follow the referral process for safeguarding and child protection at the school.
Harassment on account of race, gender, disability or sexual orientation is unacceptable and is not tolerated within the school environment.
All staff are expected to deal with any discrimination incidents that may occur. They are expected to know how to identify and challenge prejudice and stereotyping; and to support the full range of diverse needs according to a student’s individual circumstances.
Any discriminatory incidents are dealt with by the member of staff present, escalating to a Head of Year / Senior Leader where necessary.
What is a discriminatory incident?
Harassment on grounds of race, gender, disability, sexual orientation or other factors such as socio-economic status, can take many forms including verbal or physical abuse, name calling, exclusion from groups or games, unwanted looks or comments, jokes and graffiti .
A racist incident is defined by the Stephen Lawrence Inquiry Report (1999) as:
‘Any incident which is perceived to be racist by the victim or any other person’.
Types of discriminatory incident
Types of discriminatory incidents that can occur are:
- Physical assault against a person or group because of their colour, ethnicity, nationality, religious belief, disability, sexual orientation or gender;
- Use of derogatory names, insults and jokes;
- Racist, sexist, homophobic or discriminatory graffiti;
- Provocative behaviour such as wearing racist, sexist, homophobic or discriminatory badges or insignia;
- Bringing discriminatory material into school;
- Verbal abuse and threats;
- Incitement of others to discriminate or bully due to victim’s race, disability, gender, or sexual orientation;
- Discriminatory comments in the course of discussion e.g. food, music, religion, dress etc.;
- Refusal to co-operate with other people on grounds of race gender, disability or sexual orientation.
Responding to and reporting incidents
It should be clear to students and staff how they report all incidents. All staff, teaching and non-teaching, and students should view dealing with incidents as vital to the well-being of the whole school.
There’s no national requirement for schools to report any discriminatory incident that occurs at school to any external bodies, whether these incidents involve pupils or not. However, there is a requirement to report such incidents on a termly basis to the governing body and an annual report is reported to governors for specific incidents.
Flowchart of actions
Incident reported to a member of staff
Staff member to investigate further and/or challenge the behaviour immediately. Relevant senior staff/DSL informed and recorded on SIMS
Response to victim and family
Response to perpetrator and family
Action take to address with individuals/year group/school if necessary eg. Official warnings, detentions, Repair and Rebuild, assemblies, meeting with pastoral staff, senior staff, School Police Officer, Internal Exclusion, Fixed term exclusion, Permanent Exclusion.
Incident recorded on SIMS/’safeguard’ and reported to the governing body on a termly basis. Any incidents of racism or homophobia will be reported to the LA.
Pupils who have been bullied will be supported by:
Reassuring the pupil and providing continuous support. Offering an immediate opportunity to discuss the experience with a member off staff Being advised to keep a record of the bullying as evidence and discuss how respond to concerns and build resilience as appropriate. Being provided with an opportunity for a Repair and Rebuild so their feelings can be relayed the bully.
Working towards restoring self-esteem and confidence. Providing ongoing support; this may include: working and speaking with staff, engaging with parents and carers. Where necessary, working with the wider community and local/national organisations to provide further or specialist advice and guidance; this could include support through Early Help or Specialist Children’s Services, or support through Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS). Discussing what happened, establishing the concern and the need to change.Informing parents/carers to help change the attitude and behaviour of the child.Providing appropriate education and support regarding their behaviour, actions and consequences.If online, requesting that content be removed and reporting accounts/content to service provider.
Sanctioning, in line with school behaviour/discipline policy; this may include official warnings, detentions, removal of privileges (including online access when encountering cyberbullying concerns), internal exclusions, fixed term or permanent exclusions.Where necessary, working with the wider community and local/national organisations to provide further or specialist advice and guidance; this may include involvement from the Police or referrals to Early Help, Specialist Children’s Services, or Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services (CAMHS) as appropriate.Create and support an inclusive environment which promotes a culture of mutual respect, consideration and care for others, which will be upheld by all.
Recognise that bullying can be perpetrated or experienced by any member of the community, including adults and children (peer on peer abuse).Openly discuss differences between people that could motivate bullying, such as: religion, ethnicity, disability, gender, sexuality or appearance related difference. Also children with different family situations, such as looked after children or those with caring responsibilities.
Challenge practice and language which does not uphold the values of tolerance, non- discrimination and respect towards others.Be encouraged to use technology, especially mobile phones and social media positively and responsibly.Work with staff, the wider community and outside agencies to prevent and tackle concerns including all forms of prejudice-driven bullying.Actively create “safe spaces” for vulnerable children and young people.Celebrate success and achievements to promote and build a positive school ethos.Provide a range of approaches for pupils, staff and parents/carers to access support and report concerns.
Regularly update and evaluate our practice to take into account the developments of technology and provide up-to-date advice and education to all members of the community regarding positive online behaviour.Take appropriate, proportionate and reasonable action, in line with existing school policies, for any bullying bought to the schools attention, which involves or effects pupils, even when they are not on school premises; for example, when using school transport or online, etc.Implement appropriate disciplinary sanctions; the consequences of bullying will reflect the seriousness of the incident, so that others see that bullying is unacceptable.Use a variety of techniques to resolve the issues between those who bully, and those who have been bullied.Use SMSC activities to raise awareness and strategies to proactively deal with any issues Anti-bullying week activities
Involvement of pupils
Actively involve students in policy writing and the Inclusion charter that promotes and supports an inclusive environment which promotes a culture of mutual respect, consideration and care for others, which will be upheld by all.Ensure our Charter supports of Student Code of Conduct (4Bes)Establish and Anti-Bullying Committee led by students - SP Regularly seek children and young people’s views on the extent and nature of bullying. Ensure that all pupils know how to express worries and anxieties about bullying.Ensure that all pupils are aware of the range and seriousness of sanctions which may be applied against those engaging in bullying.Offer support to pupils who have been bullied and to those who are bullying in order to address the problems they have.Publicise both internal and external support eg. Childline and websites that provide support to young people. Take steps to involve parents and carers in developing policies and procedures, to ensure they are aware that the school does not tolerate any form of bullying.Make sure that key information about bullying (including policies and named points of contact) is available to parents/carers eg. school website
Ensure all parents/carers know who to contact if they are worried about bullying and where to access independent advice.Work with all parents/carers and the local community to address issues beyond the school gates that give rise to bullying.
Ensure all parents/carers know about our complaints procedure and how to use it effectively, to raise concerns in an appropriate manner.
Anti-Bullying Alliance: www.anti-bullyingalliance.org.uk
The BIG Award: www.bullyinginterventiongroup.co.uk/index.php
PSHE Association: www.pshe-association.org.uk
Restorative Justice Council: www.restorativejustice.org.uk
Victim Support: www.victimsupport.org.uk
Young Minds: www.youngminds.org.uk
Anti-Bullying Alliance Cyberbullying and children and young people with SEN and disabilities: www.cafamily.org.uk/media/750755/cyberbullying_and_send_-_module_final.pdf
DfE: SEND code of practice: www.gov.uk/government/publications/send-code-of-practice-0-to-25
Childnet International: www.childnet.com
Internet Watch Foundation: www.iwf.org.uk
Think U Know: www.thinkuknow.co.uk
UK Safer Internet Centre: www.saferinternet.org.uk
The UK Council for Child Internet Safety (UKCCIS) www.gov.uk/government/groups/uk-council-for-child-internet-safety-ukccis
Race, Religion and Nationality
Anne Frank Trust: www.annefrank.org.uk
Kick it Out: www.kickitout.org
Report it: www.report-it.org.uk
Stop Hate: www.stophateuk.org
Barnardos LGBT Hub: www.barnardos.org.uk/what_we_do/our_work/lgbtq.htm
Proud Trust: www.theproudtrust.org
Schools Out: www.schools-out.org.uk
Stonewall: www.stonewall.org.uk www.endviolenceagainstwomen.org.uk